Alexander Calder (1898-1976) was an American sculptor. Both his father and grandfather were also successful sculptors, and his mother was a professional portrait artist. He began sculpting at a young age, though his parents encouraged him to pursue other careers besides art. Alexander Calder studied mechanical engineering at Stevens Institute of Technology and graduated in 1919. He moved to New York City in the mid-1920s and enrolled at the Art Students League, before moving to Paris in 1926. While in Europe he befriended avant-garde artists such as Fernand Léger, Jean Arp, and Marcel Duchamp. During this time, he began work on his Cirque Calder, a ... Show more
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